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Machinery Bearing Fault Diagnosis Using Variational Mode Decomposition and Support Vector Machine as a Classifier

Publisher : IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

Campus : Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering

Department : Mechanical

Year : 2018

Abstract : pCrack propagation is a major cause of failure in rotating machines. It adversely affects the productivity, safety, and the machining quality. Hence, detecting the crack's severity accurately is imperative for the predictive maintenance of such machines. Fault diagnosis is an established concept in identifying the faults, for observing the non-linear behaviour of the vibration signals at various operating conditions. In this work, we find the classification efficiencies for both original and the reconstructed vibrational signals. The reconstructed signals are obtained using Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD), by splitting the original signal into three intrinsic mode functional components and framing them accordingly. Feature extraction, feature selection and feature classification are the three phases in obtaining the classification efficiencies. All the statistical features from the original signals and reconstructed signals are found out in feature extraction process individually. A few statistical parameters are selected in feature selection process and are classified using the SVM classifier. The obtained results show the best parameters and appropriate kernel in SVM classifier for detecting the faults in bearings. Hence, we conclude that better results were obtained by VMD and SVM process over normal process using SVM. This is owing to denoising and filtering the raw vibrational signals. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd./p

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