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Ligand-Based Virtual Screening using Random Walk Kernel and Empirical Filters

Publisher : Procedia Computer Science

Campus : Coimbatore

Center : Computational Engineering and Networking

Year : 2015

Abstract : Drug discovery is a time-consuming and costly process. The data generated during various stages of the drug discovery is drastically increasing and it forces machine-learning scientist to implement more effective and fast methods for the utilization of data for reducing the cost and time. Molecular graphs are very expressive which allow faster implementation of the machine-learning algorithms. During the discovery phase, virtual or in silicoscreening plays a major role in optimizing the synthesis efforts and reducing the attrition rate of the new chemical entities (NCEs). In the present work, a combination of the virtual screening using walk kernel and empirical filters was tried. The model was applied to two classification problems to predict mutagenicity and toxicity on two publically-available datasets. The accuracies obtained were 67% for the PTC dataset and 87% for the MUTAG dataset. The results obtained from the combined method were found to be more accurate with less computational cost. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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