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Determination on the effect of ti addition on the microstructural, mechanical and wear behavior of Cu–6Sn alloy in as—Cast condition

Publication Type : Journal Article

Publisher : Springer, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

Authors : Dr. Karthik V. Shankar, Akshay, M. C., Aravind Senan, V. R., Vignesh Surej, K. S., Akhil, B., Balakrishnan Shankar

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Campus : Amritapuri

School : School of Engineering

Department : Mechanical

Year : 2019

Abstract : The objective of this research is to fabricate a ternary alloy (Cu–Sn–Ti), incorporating titanium into bronze with varying weight percentage of titanium (0.5 wt%, 1 wt%) to investigate its impact on microstructural and mechanical properties and wear behavior and to collate these results with those of conventional bronze (Cu–6Sn). The microstructure of the alloys was observed using a metallurgical microscope, and results exhibit a finer grain refinement in the dendritic structure, which causes an improvement in mechanical properties. The mechanical properties were tested (tensile strength, hardness), and they showed an increment in values corresponding to the increase in the weight percentage of titanium. However, owing to the formation of an inclusion (blowhole), there was a reduction in the tensile strength for Cu–6Sn.0.5Ti. The wear analysis was also carried out using a pin-on-disk tribometer with selected parameters of load (10–30 N), sliding distance (1000 m) and sliding velocity (1–3 m/s), and it was noted that there was an increase in the wear rate with an increase in load and distance for all combinations of parameters. There was also an improvement in the wear resistance with an increase in the weight percentage of Ti, in comparison with the conventional base alloy.

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