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In the conventional power supply scenario, the electric power feeders in different areas are manually switched off when the demand goes above the scheduled supply. This causes immense revenue loss to the utilities besides discomfort to the consumers. Grid integration of intermittent and uncontrolled generation schemes like wind farms makes the situation worse with conventional power system control.
Smart Grid is the recent development on power grid that addresses both issues of load management and generation control, so that the power grid incorporates distributed generation, decentralized control, and demand response for the betterment of power system reliability and quality service. Development of a laboratory scale Micro Smart Grid (MSG) is envisaged in this work. The MSG has power plants of SHP, wind and solar types, and it is provided with energy storage schemes like PH and battery.
The methods of load management and generation control adopted for the SMG are (i) Dynamic Energy storage Management, and (ii) Demand Response and Demand Dispatch.