Occupancy classification of buildings – Essentials of National Building Code. Loads on buildings; Foundations – deep and shallow foundations – introduction to mat and grillage foundations – caissons. Super structure – load bearing masonry – brick and stone masonry, arches, lintels, scaffolding, shoring; plastering and pointing.
Concrete construction – batching, mixing, conveying, placing, compacting, curing. Durability of concrete. Special concretes.Reinforced concrete – Form work – Prestressed concrete. Principles of prefabricated construction. Roofs and Floors – flat and pitched roofs, floor types and finishes; Doors and windows. Damp and water proofing techniques. White washing, colour washing, painting and distempering;