A credit-based system is a systematic way of describing an educational programme by attaching credits to its components. Credit is a way of quantifying the knowledge content. When enough credits are accrued or earned, the programme is deemed to be completed successfully.
Credit system makes educational programmes easy to understand and compare, both nationally and internationally. It facilitates mobility, academic flexibility and universality and helps universities to organize as well as re-organise their study programmes quickly. It can be used across a variety of programmes and modes of delivery.Allotment of credits
Credits are allocated giving due importance to their weightage as needed for the specific stream. The sum of the credits allotted to the components decides the programme credits. The programme is successfully completed from the academic angle, once the specified programme credits have been earned.
Each course, except for a few special courses, has a certain number of credits assigned to it depending on the lecture, tutorial and laboratory work contact hours in a week. Certain courses are identified as Core courses, certain others as allied courses and few others as electives. It is mandatory to earn required number of credits in each group at the end of every even semester.
Credit system allows flexibility on the selection of courses and time frame for completion of the programme and also provides a good blend of teaching and learning ensuring credible evaluation procedures and student mobility. Credit system is evolved around the teacher and the taught. The prominent feature of the credit system is continuous evaluation of students' performance through well - planned assessment procedures. While a prescribed minimum number of credits are to be earned for the award of degree, a minimum level of performance is necessary for progressing with the studies.